COVID-19 In Nigeria: State Response Index (Infographics)

Global trends have shown that governments with more timely and stricter responses to the coronavirus have been more successful in curtailing its spread. Contrasts have been made between stricter countries like China and the US, which has been laxer.

Where do Nigerian states sit on the scale of responses?

To answer this we have created a State Response Index. The Index is a dynamic measure of each state’s aggressiveness in combatting the virus. It is a ranking of the intensity of each state’s response to the coronavirus crisis and is updated with additional developments from verified sources. The 10 criteria and weighting used in creating the index are outlined in the methodology below.

1. Limited welfare

Less than half of state governments have begun any kind of relief to SMEs or cash and food handouts to the vulnerable. Each state has a score out of 10 (on the far left column) based on how many measures it has adopted.

2. Affected states are responding

Thankfully, not only have the states with most of the cases embraced more stringent measures to curtail the spread of the virus but also states with fewer or no cases have implemented border closures which can hopefully help avoid the economic harm of a lockdown. Each state is shaded according to its level of responsiveness. Lagos State has 10 points after adopting all measures.

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We developed the index using 10 equally weighted criteria. In calculating State Score, Stears Business only intends to provide a starting point for the discussion around a national strategy for combatting COVID-19.

The criteria were developed with reference to the World Health Organization’s Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Plans which outline the public health measures that can be taken at a country level to respond to Covid19 as well as comparative studies about how other Nations are responding to flatten the curve. We have taken what we’ve learned about the response options so far to put Nigeria’s response in context.

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The index is a dynamic measure of each state’s aggressiveness in combatting the virus. It is updated with additional developments from verified sources.

10 Equally Weighted Criteria for State Response (Requirements for point)

The visuals above show the state of the coronavirus response for each of the 36 states and the FCT: Abia, Abuja, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nasarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, and Zamfara. The criteria are explained below:

Movement restriction: The state must have announced restricted movement, recommended social distancing, and limited public gatherings.

Closed borders – The state must have announced a closure of its land borders at the time of the last update.

Lockdown – The state or Federal Government must have announced a lockdown that is still effective at the time of the last update of this report.

Emergency law – The state must have enacted a law related to its ability to control the coronavirus at the time of the last update.

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Security – The state government must have deployed security personnel to enforce rules related to covid19.

Test centers – The state must have had a laboratory announced by the NCDC operational at the time of the last update.

Isolation centers – The Isolation centers with at least 300 beds must already be in place. An announcement of the intention to set up an isolation center does not meet the criteria.

Added ventilators – The state must have made an announcement committing to additional ventilators or received ventilators either through donations or state purchases.

SME Grant – The state must have announced plans for relief to small businesses within the State as at the time of this.

Handouts – The state must have begun cash or food handouts to vulnerable state residents.

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