India’s home affairs minister on Tuesday hailed “historic” legislation to bring Kashmir under its direct control, as New Delhi stepped up its clampdown on dissent in the restive Muslim-majority region.
Three high-profile political leaders in Kashmir were detained for being a threat to peace hours after Home Affairs Minister Amit Shah announced Monday that the president had scrapped Kashmir’s special autonomous status.
Shah also moved legislation for splitting the disputed territory into two and bringing Kashmir under Delhi’s direct control. The bill was passed by the upper house late Monday and was set to sail through the lower house where the government holds a sizeable majority.
Shah, a powerful aide of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, compared the move to other “historic moments” in the nation, adding that the law should be “written with golden words in Indian history”.
“The great parliament which has expressed its views on unity and integrity of India so many times today is once again going to deliberate on a bill that will go on to further integrate Jammu and Kashmir to India for many generations ahead,” he told parliament Tuesday.
In Kashmir, a court order seen by AFP on Tuesday declared that former chief ministers Mehbooba Mufti and Omar Abdullah along with regional party leader Sajad Lone had engaged in activities “likely to cause a breach of peace” and lead to a “serious law and order situation”.
Initially placed under house arrest at the weekend as security was ramped up in the region, the three were reportedly then taken to an official guest house on Monday — the same day as the announcement in New Delhi that Kashmir’s special status under the constitution had been removed.
The court order also said authorities feared the trio could organise a public rally which is currently banned in Kashmir as part of the emergency lockdown.
News of their detention came as national security adviser Ajit Doval said in a report to the home affairs ministry Tuesday after visiting Kashmir that there was “peace and normalcy” and “no agitation” after the announcement, local media reported.
But with mobile and internet shut down and Kashmir virtually cut off from the outside world since the early hours of Monday, there were no independent reports of what was happening on the ground.
Before being moved, Mufti said on Twitter that ending Kashmir’s special status had reduced “India to an occupation force in Jammu and Kashmir”.
‘Abuse of executive power’
Criticism mounted from opposition politicians on Tuesday, with Rahul Gandhi, until recently the head of the main opposition Congress party, saying the decision was an “abuse of executive power” that had “grave implications for our national security”.
“National integration isn’t furthered by unilaterally tearing apart J&K, imprisoning elected representatives and violating our Constitution. This nation is made by its people, not plots of land,” he wrote on Twitter.
Monday’s decree, rushed through by Modi’s right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government, removed from the constitution the special status that Kashmir had held since the region was divided between India and Pakistan in 1947.
The changes ended special privileges for Kashmiris in regards to owning property and reserved jobs.
Pakistan, India’s nuclear-armed neighbour with which it has fought two wars over Kashmir, immediately condemned the move.
“Pakistan will exercise all possible options to counter the illegal steps,” its foreign ministry said in a statement on Monday.
The announcement has also sparked chaotic scenes in India’s parliament, with opposition members in the lower house grilling the BJP if it wanted to scrap the special status of several other states next.
On Tuesday few Indian newspapers questioned the revocation, though many raised fears about the way it was carried out.
“There is no parallel in the history of independent India for the secrecy and stealth deployed by the government to bring in something which is politically and communally contentious,” said the Indian Express.