The Civil Society Legislative Advocacy Centre (CISLAC) says Nigeria loses about N4.44 trillion annually in the extractive industry due to lack of laws and policies.
CISLAC Director of Legal, Adesina Oke, disclosed this at a stakeholders’ meeting on Sunday in Lagos.
The stakeholders’ meeting is a collaborative effort of CISLAC, Connected Development (CODE) and Oxfam.
Oke added that Africa also loses over $50 billion every year due to illicit financial flows (IFF).
He, however, noted that pending laws before the National Assembly as well as policies yet to be implemented by the executive could have curbed these losses.
He said that of the $50 billion, Nigeria accounted for 30.5 percent which represents $15.2 billion.
Oke explained that out of the $15.2 billion losses, the oil-dominated extractive industry alone represented 95.2 percent of the figure, amounting to $14.5 billion (N4.44 trillion).
Oke regretted that bills that could have curbed and eventually stopped these losses had been pending before the National Assembly.
He listed some of the bills and policies to include: the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB), Proceeds of Crime Bill, Whistle Blower Protection Bill and the policy to know the beneficial owners of registered companies.
Oke said that the losses coupled with corruption and mismanagement was the reason the nation has yet to reap measurable benefit from the sector.
“The truth is that there are so many problems confronting the extractive industry in Nigeria which has given birth to illicit financial flows.
“From the discussions there are so many gaps, even in terms of our laws; there are so many laws that could have assisted Nigeria in combating IFFs in the extractive sector.
“Laws like the PIB are yet to be passed, the Proceed of Crime Bill is yet to be passed, and we also have the anti-money laundering and other anti-corruption bills.
“There is need to implement the beneficial ownership for companies, whistle blowers policy and all sort of laws that could have been able to mainstream into an effective combat against illicit financial flows.
“There is nothing anybody can do except the National Assembly is able to discuss and pass those laws and for the executive to assent to it,” he said.
Oke pointed out that those pushing for the bill to be passed might have to start afresh if the 8th National Assembly failed to pass the bills before it winds up in June.
He added that the civil society groups and other stakeholders were already preparing to take on the 9th Assembly if the 8th Assembly adjourned without passing the bills.
“We had this dialogue to prepare us for the 9th Assembly so that we can immediately take off in ensuring that those bills are pushed and passed.
“The PIB has come a long way and we have been struggling to ensure these bills are passed, but it has been going front and back.
“It is not even as though what is contained in the bill is all that is desired, but it is better to have a law in place that you can amend than not to have any law at all.
“As it is now, those things that are primary are the ones that are being pushed so that we can have a PIB law in place then the amendments can come later.
“If these laws are in place, when something is not being done the way it ought to be done you can question; but when there are no laws, there is nothing you can do,” he said.
Oke also called for the use of technology to monitor and track the extraction and sale of oil, urging the Federal Government to emulate Saudi Arabia that invest in technology to track its oil.