Court ordered CBN to pay German N63.7m, $10000 over illegal detention

CBN 1

Justice Inyang Ekwo of Federal High Court, Abuja, has ordered the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to pay N63.7 million and $10, 000 to a a German, Martin Gegenheimer as the damages against the Federal Government for his unlawful arrest and detention by the Nigerian Immigration Service (NIS).

The Court ordered the CBN to deduct the amount from the Federal Government’s funds in its custody to settle the debt which arose from a 2021 judgment given against Nigeria by the Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).

The German had dragged the Federal Government to the ECOWAS Court following his arrest and detention by officials of NIS at the airport on his way out of Nigeria after a business trip in 2020.

Gegenheimer told the ECOWAS court that that while returning to Kenya on 23rd February 2020, he was stopped by men of the NIS at the boarding gate of the Kenya Airways aircraft after all necessary departure formalities were completed.

He said the NIS officials arrested him, seized his passport and detained him in a jam-packed detention cell between Feb. 23, 2020 and March 4, 2020 despite the Covid protocol and without acceptable food as well as medical care.

While delivering judgment in the suit marked: ECW/CCJ/APP/23/2020 on March 4, 2021, a three-member panel of the sub-regional court, presided over by the court’s president, Justice Edward Amoako Asante, declared Gegenheimer’s arrest and detention illegal.

The Court ordered the Nigerian government to pay him N53,650,925 as special damages for various losses suffered and costs incurred while under unlawful arrest and detention by the NIS.

The costs, the court said, relate mainly to hotel expenses incurred by the German while under forced detention by agents of the Nigerian government.

The court further ordered the Nigerian government to pay him another N10 million in general damages as reparation for all violations and moral prejudice suffered for the violation of his rights, and additional $10,000 being the expenditure incurred by the applicant to secure his bail.

The ECOWAS Court equally ordered the Nigerian government to remove the German from its watch list and to immediately and unconditionally release his German passport, which was “arbitrarily and unlawfully,” seized by agents of the Nigerian government.

While delivering ruling in the a garnishee proceeding, filed and prosecuted for Gegenheimer by his lawyer, Daniel Makolo, to enforce the judgment of the ECOWAS Court delivered on March 4, 2021, on Thursday, Justice Ekwo dismissed the claim that the Federal Government’s foreign exchange accounts was currently in deficit and thereby making it impossible to pay the entire judgment sum.

The Judge also agreed with Makolo that, as against the contention by the CBN, ECOWAS Court’s judgments did not qualify as foreign judgement in the strict sense of it and could be enforced by Nigerian courts.

The judge said: Upon a keen perusal of the provisions of the Foreign Judgments Reciprocal Enforcement (FJRE) Act 2004, it cannot be said that the judgement sought to be enforced in this case, is stricto sensu (in the strict sense) a foreign judgement.

I agree with the learned counsel for the judgement creditor (Makolo) that, by Article 15 of the Reviewed Treaty of ECOWAS, and Article 24 of the 2005 Supplementary Protocol (which amended the 1991 Protocol), the judgement of ECOWAS Court can be registered and enforced in Nigeria by this court without referring to it as a foreign judgement, in the same manner that the judgement of any other court in Nigeria can be registered and enforced in this court,” the judge said.

Justice Ekwo proceeded to make absolute, the garnishee order nisi he earlier issued against the CBN.

(NAN)

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One Comment to “Court ordered CBN to pay German N63.7m, $10000 over illegal detention”

  1. To put a stop to these unlawful arrest and detentions, the head of that NIS that carried out that detention should have been compelled to pay that German those damages or serve some years in prison so that others will learn from him or her. Did they not know the legal implication of that unlawful detention?

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